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-   -   Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps (https://forum.davidicke.com/showthread.php?t=276508)

lightgiver 27-06-2014 08:23 PM

Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps

Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps (QARANC; commonly known as the QAs) is the nursing branch of the British Army and part of the Army Medical Services.Although an "official" nursing service was not established until 1881, the corps traces its heritage to Florence Nightingale, who was instrumental in lobbying for the support of female military nurses.. In 1902, Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (QAIMNS) was established by Royal Warrant, and was named after Queen Alexandra, who became its President. It replaced the Army Nursing Service, which had been established in 1881, and which from 1889 provided Sisters for all Army hospitals with at least 100 beds.. In 1949, the QAIMNS became a corps in the British Army and was renamed as the Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps. Since 1950 the organisation has trained nurses, and in 1992 men were allowed to join..The associated Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps Association is a registered charity. Queen Alexandra was President until her death in 1925.. The following year she was succeeded by Queen Mary...

The Colonel In Chief is HRH The Countess of Wessex GCVO, which Her Royal Highness assumed following the death of HRH Princess Margaret. In addition to this the Countess is also Colonel In Chief to The Lincoln and Welland Regiment. The Colonel Commandant is Colonel (Retd) Dr Rosemary Kennedy CBE, a former Territorial Army Nursing Officer whose civilian occupation was Chief Nursing Officer for Wales. Colonel Kennedy was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Glamorgan in 2009. The current Director of Army Nursing is Colonel Peter Childerley who replaced Colonel Wendy J Spencer RRC QHN L/QARANC whose tenure finished in 2011. Colonel Childerley is the holder of the Queens Honorary Nurse as a Regular Officer whilst the Reserve counterpart is held by Colonel Jane Carey-Harris. Other notable QA Officers are Colonel Jane Davis QVRM TA Colonel South and Deputy Lieutenant of Lewisham and Colonel Tina Donnelly Commanding Officer of 203 (Welsh) Field Hospital, Deputy Lieutenant of Mid Glamorgan, Companion of the Chartered Managerment Institute and Director of the Royal College of Nursing Wales. Additionally the Honorary Colonel to 203 (Welsh) Field Hospital is Dr Peter Carter OBE General Secretary and Chief Executive
Officer of the Royal College of Nursing...

The Royal College of Nursing (RCN) is a union membership organisation with over 395,000 members in the United Kingdom. It was founded in 1916, receiving its Royal Charter in 1928, Queen Elizabeth II is the patron.. Most members are registered nurses but student nurses and healthcare assistants are also admitted..The RCN describes its mission as representing nurses and nursing, promoting excellence in practice and shaping health policies. It has a network of stewards, safety representatives and union learning representatives as well as advice services for members. Services include a main library in London and regional libraries around the country. The RCN Institute also provides courses for nurses..The headquarters are at 20 Cavendish Square, London, a grade II listed building which was built as a substantial townhouse in 1729 and became the residence of British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith.. The building was refronted and incorporated by architect Edwin Cooper in 1930 into his re-development of the corner site with Henrietta Place. The RCN has offices throughout the UK. In England regional offices are located in; Birmingham, Bolton, Bury St Edmunds, Croydon, Exeter, Newbury, Nottingham, Leeds, and Sunderland. The Northern Ireland office is in Belfast.. The Scottish offices are located in Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Glasgow; and the Welsh offices are located in Cardiff and Conwy..The RCN is governed by its Council. Council members are guardians/trustees of the organisation's mission and values on behalf of the members. They are also charity trustees and carry legal duties and responsibilities laid down by charity law. The Council is responsible for the overall governance of the RCN, and has ultimate responsibility for the sustainability and the finances of the organisation...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=156652&page=2Mac... they said you escaped.. I knew you wouldn't leave without me.. I was waiting for you.. Now We can make it, M;..I'm not goin' without you, M.. I wouldn't leave you this way...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=184

lightgiver 28-06-2014 02:23 PM

In Arduis Fidelis

The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all British Army personnel and their families in war and in peace. Together with the Royal Army Veterinary Corps, the Royal Army Dental Corps and Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps, the RAMC forms the British Army's essential Army Medical Services..The RAMC does not carry a Regimental Colour or Queen's Colour, although it has a Regimental Flag, nor does it have battle honours, as elements of the corps have been present in almost every single war the army has fought. Because it is not a fighting arm (non-combatant), under the Geneva Conventions, members of the RAMC may only use their weapons for self-defence. For this reason, there are 2 traditions that the RAMC perform when on parade.Officers do not draw their swords - instead they hold their scabbard with their left hand while saluting with their right..Other Ranks do not fix bayonets..Medical services in the British armed services go as far back as the formation of the Standing Regular Army after the Restoration of Charles II in 1660. This was the first time a career was provided for a Medical Officer (MO), known as the Regimental Surgeon, both in peacetime and in war.. The Army was formed entirely on a regimental basis, and an MO with a Warrant Officer as his Assistant Surgeon was appointed to each regiment, which also provided a hospital.. The MO was also for the first time concerned in the continuing health of his troops, and not limited to just battlefield medicine..For over two years after 27 July 1887 there were no recruits to the Army Medical Department. A parliamentary committee reported in 1890 highlighting the doctors’ injustices. Yet all this was ignored by the Secretary of State for War. The British Medical Association, the Royal College of Physicians and others redoubled their protests.. Eventually, in 1898, officers and soldiers providing medical services were incorporated into a new body known by its present name, the Royal Army Medical Corps; its first Colonel-in-Chief was H.R.H the Duke of Connaught...The RAMC began to develop during the Boer War, but it was during the First World War that it reached its apogee both in size and experience. The RAMC itself lost 743 officers and 6130 soldiers killed in the war..Before the Second World War, RAMC recruits were required to be at least 5 feet 2 inches tall and could enlist up to 30 years of age. They initially enlisted for seven years with the colours and a further five years with the reserve, or 3 years and 9 years.. They trained for 6 months at the RAMC Depot, Crookham Camp, Aldershot, before proceeding to specialist trade training..2 Medical Regiment, Royal Army Medical Corps, is the task medical regiment of 7th Armoured Brigade. It was officially formed on 4 July 2008, following the amalgamation of (A)29 Squadron and (B)28 Squadron of 1 Close Support Medical Regiment. The Regiment is based at the Bergen-Hohne garrison situated in north west Germany as part of the British Forces Germany (BFG).. In March 2009, the Regiment was deployed to Afghanistan on Operation Herrick as the major component of the Joint Force Medical Group. The majority of the Regiment was deployed to Helmand Province, with detachments in Kandahar and Kabul. The Regiment returned to Hohne in October 2009. The Regiment also has a Force Support Squadron located at Fulwood Barracks in Preston, England...

In Greek mythology, the Rod of Asclepius (⚕; sometimes also spelled Asklepios or Aesculapius), also known as the asklepian, is a serpent-entwined rod wielded by the Greek god Asclepius, a deity associated with healing and medicine.. The symbol has continued to be used in modern times, where it is associated with medicine and health care, yet frequently confused with the staff of the god Hermes, the caduceus. Theories have been proposed about the Greek origin of the symbol and its implications..In honor of Asclepius, a particular type of non-venomous snake was often used in healing rituals, and these snakes – the Aesculapian Snakes – crawled around freely on the floor in dormitories where the sick and injured slept. These snakes were introduced at the founding of each new temple of Asclepius throughout the classical world. From about 300 BC onwards, the cult of Asclepius grew very popular and pilgrims flocked to his healing temples (Asclepieia) to be cured of their ills.. Ritual purification would be followed by offerings or sacrifices to the god (according to means), and the supplicant would then spend the night in the holiest part of the sanctuary – the abaton (or adyton). Any dreams or visions would be reported to a priest who would prescribe the appropriate therapy by a process of interpretation.. Some healing temples also used sacred dogs to lick the wounds of sick petitioners..Products deriving from the bodies of snakes were known to have medicinal properties in ancient times, and in ancient Greece, at least some were aware that snake venom that might be fatal if it entered the bloodstream could often be imbibed. Snake venom appears to have been 'prescribed' in some cases as a form of therapy..The Aesculapian snake (now Zamenis longissimus, previously Elaphe longissima), is a species of nonvenomous snake native to Europe, a member of the Colubrinae subfamily of the family Colubridae.. Growing up to 2 metres (6.6 ft) in total length (including tail), it counts among the largest European snakes, though not as massive as the 4-lined snake (Elaphe quatuorlineata) or the Montpellier snake (Malpolon monspessulanus).. The Aesculapian snake has been of cultural and historical significance for its role in ancient Greek and Roman mythology and derived symbolism..They are dark, long, slender, and typically bronzy in color, with smooth scales that give them a metallic sheen..Juveniles can easily be confused with juvenile grass snakes (Natrix natrix)..And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life..The original Hippocratic Oath began with the invocation ..."I swear by Apollo Physician and by Asclepius and by Hygieia and Panacea and by all the Gods"
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...t=49022&page=4 Of course you're afraid - anyone who says they're not are either lying or need to see a shrink..I wasn't afraid.. I was depressed.. You want to make the biggest hole possible to hide in - you'd get your spoon out and start digging if that would help. But then the training takes over... you psych yourself up, check all your pouches are closed, your pockets don't open and your magazines are on tight.. I pulled as hard as I could, which was difficult, due to the cold.. If the IraQis didn't kill us, the weather was going to..Under the Geneva Convention, I'm afraid I cannot answer that question...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...postcount=6100

lightgiver 28-06-2014 03:08 PM


Posttraumatic stress disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder in the DSM iV; the characteristic symptoms are not present before exposure to the violently traumatic event. In the typical case, the individual with PTSD persistently avoids all thoughts and emotions, and discussion of the stressor event and may experience amnesia for it. However, the event is commonly relived by the individual through intrusive, recurrent recollections, flashbacks, and nightmares..The characteristic symptoms are considered acute if lasting less than 3 months, and chronic if persisting 3 months or more, and with delayed onset if the symptoms first occur after 6 months or some years later. PTSD is distinct from the briefer acute stress disorder, and can cause clinical impairment in significant areas of functioning..Persons considered at risk include combat military personnel, victims of natural disasters, concentration camp survivors, and victims of violent crime.. Individuals not infrequently experience "survivor's guilt" for remaining alive while others died. Causes of the symptoms of PTSD are the experiencing or witnessing of a stressor event involving death, serious injury or such threat to the self or others in a situation in which the individual felt intense fear, horror, or phowerlessness.. Persons employed in occupations that expose them to violence (such as soldiers) or disasters (such as emergency service workers) are also at risk..Children or adults may develop PTSD symptoms by experiencing bullying or Mobbing.. in the context of human beings means bullying of an individual by a group in any context, such as a family, friends, peers, school, workplace, neighbourhood, community, or online...

There is evidence that susceptibility to PTSD is hereditary. Approximately 30% of the variance in PTSD is caused from genetics alone. For twin pairs exposed to combat in Vietnam, having a monozygotic (identical) twin with PTSD was associated with an increased risk of the co-twin's having PTSD compared to twins that were dizygotic (non-identical twins).. There is also evidence that those with a genetically smaller hippocampus are more likely to develop PTSD following a traumatic event.. Research has also found that PTSD shares many genetic influences common to other psychiatric disorders. Panic and generalized anxiety disorders and PTSD share 60% of the same genetic variance. Alcohol, nicotine, and drug dependence share greater than 40% genetic similarities..Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain.. A recent study reported significant interactions between 3 polymorphisms in the GABA alpha-2 receptor gene and the severity of childhood trauma in predicting PTSD in adults. A study found those with a specific genotype for G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2), a protein that decreases G protein-coupled receptor signaling, and high environmental stress exposure as adults and a diagnosis of lifetime PTSD. This was particularly prevalent in adults with prior trauma exposure and low social support..PTSD is a psychiatric disorder that requires an environmental event that individuals may have varied responses to so gene-environment studies tend to be the most indicative of their effect on the probability of PTSD then studies of the main effect of the gene. Recent studies have demonstrated the interaction between PFBP5 and childhood
environment to predict the severity of PTSD...

The platoon was originally a firing unit rather than an organisation. The system was said to have been invented by Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden in 1618.. In the French Army in the 1670s, a battalion was divided into 18 platoons who were grouped into 3 "firings"; each platoon in the firing either actually firing or reloading.. The system was used in the British, Austrian, Russian and Dutch..When it occurs as emotional abuse in the workplace, such as "ganging up" by co-workers, subordinates or superiors, to force someone out of the workplace through rumor, innuendo, intimidation, humiliation, discrediting, and isolation, it is also referred to as malicious, nonsexual, nonracial, general harassment..The Disasters of War (Spanish: Los Desastres de la Guerra) are a series of 82 prints created between 1810 and 1820 by the Spanish painter and printmaker Francisco Goya (1746–1828). Although Goya did not make known his intention when creating the plates, art historians view them as a visual protest against the violence of the 1808 Dos de Mayo Uprising, the subsequent Peninsular War of 1808–14 and the setbacks to the liberal cause following the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1814. During the conflicts between Napoleon's French Empire and Spain, Goya retained his position as first court painter to the Spanish crown and continued to produce portraits of the Spanish and French rulers.. Although deeply affected by the WaR, he Kept private his thoughts on the art he produced in response to the conflict and its aftermath...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=561The superpowers often behave like 2 heavily armed blind men feeling their way around a room, each believing himself in mortal peril from the other, whom he assumes to have perfect vision.. Each side should know that frequently uncertainty, compromise, and incoherence are the essence of policymaking.. Yet each tends to ascribe to the other a consistency, foresight, and coherence that its own experience belies.. Of course, over time, even 2 armed blind men can do enormous damage to each other...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showthread.php?t=276500

lightgiver 28-06-2014 03:35 PM

Shell ShocK

Shell shock is the reaction of some soldiers in World War I to the trauma of battle..It is a reaction to the intensity of the bombardment and fighting that produced a helplessness appearing variously as panic and being scared, or flight, an inability to reason, sleep, walk or talk. "Simply put, after even the most obedient soldier had enough shells rain down on him, without any means of fighting back, he often lost all self control"..During the War, the concept of shell shock was ill-defined. Cases of "shell shock" could be interpreted as either a physical or psychological injury, or simply as a lack of moral fibre. While the term shell shock is no longer used in either medical or military discourse, it has entered into popular imagination and memory, and is often identified as the signature injury of the War..In World War II and thereafter, diagnosis of "shell shock" was replaced by that of combat stress reaction, a similar but not identical response to the trauma of warfare....During the early stages of World War I, soldiers from the British Expeditionary Force began to report medical symptoms after combat, including tinnitus, amnesia, headache, dizziness, tremor, and hypersensitivity to noise. While these symptoms resembled those that would be expected after a physical wound to the brain, many of those reporting sick showed no signs of head wounds.. By December 1914 as many as 10% of British officers and 4% of enlisted men were suffering from "nervous and mental shock"..Shell shock has had a profound impact in British culture and the popular memory of World War I. At the time, war writers like the poet Siegfried Sassoon dealt with shell shock in their work. Sassoon spent time at Craiglockhart War Hospital, which treated shell shock casualties.. Author Pat Barker explored the causes and effects of shell shock in her Regeneration Trilogy, basing many of her characters on real historical figures and drawing on the writings of the first world war poets and the army doctor W. H. R. Rivers...

A shell is a payload-carrying projectile which, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes[citation needed] large solid projectiles properly termed shot (AP, APCR, APCNR, APDS, APFSDS and proof shot). Solid shot may contain a pyrotechnic compound if a tracer or spotting charge is used. Originally it was called a "bombshell", but "shell" has come to be unambiguous in a military context.. "Bombshell" is still used figuratively to refer to a shockingly unexpected happening or revelation..Royal Dutch Shell plc (LSE: RDSA, RDSB), commonly known as Shell, is an Anglo–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.. Created by the merger of Royal Dutch Petroleum and UK-based Shell Transport & Trading, it is the second largest company in the world, in terms of revenue, and one of the 6 oil and gas "supermajors"...Solid cannonballs (“shot”) did not need a fuse, but hollow munitions (“shells”) filled with something such as gunpowder to fragment the ball, needed a fuse, either impact (percussion) or time. Percussion fuses with a spherical projectile presented a challenge because there was no way of ensuring that the impact mechanism hit the target. Therefore shells needed a time fuse that was ignited before or during firing and burnt until the shell reached its target...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=157122&page=4Only one important thing has happened in the last 3 days, and that is that nothing has Happened..There's an east wind coming all the same, such a wind as never blew on EnGland yet.. It will be cold and bitter, Watson, and a good many of us May Wither before its Blast... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=88470&page=32

lightgiver 28-06-2014 04:11 PM

Conflict of Resources

No oil and you dont get to work in you Vehicull - out of sight out of mind CIVILIAN..but you don't really care do you..Are natural resources extracted in a conflict zone and sold to perpetuate the fighting..There is both anecdotal and statistical evidence that belligerent accessibility to precious commodities can prolong conflicts (a "resource curse").. The most prominent contemporary example is the eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where various armies, rebel groups, and outside actors have profited while contributing to violence and exploitation during wars in the region..The extraction and sale of blood diamonds, also known as "conflict diamonds", is a better-known phenomenon which occurs under virtually identical conditions.Columbite-tantalite (or coltan, the colloquial African term) is the metal ore from which the element tantalum is extracted. Tantalum is used primarily for the production of capacitors, particularly for applications requiring high performance, a small compact format and high reliability, ranging widely from hearing aids and pacemakers, to airbags, GPS, ignition systems and anti-lock braking systems in automobiles, through to laptop computers, mobile phones, video game consoles, video cameras and digital cameras.. In its carbide form, tantalum possesses significant hardness and wear resistance properties. As a result, it is used in jet engine/turbine blades, drill bits, end mills and other tools..Wolframite is an important source of the element tungsten. Tungsten is a very dense metal and is frequently used for this property, such as in fishing weights, dart tips and golf club heads...Gold is used in jewelry, electronics, and dental products. It is also present in some chemical compounds used in certain semiconductor manufacturing processes...As of 2010, the conflict resource fueling the world's deadliest war is gold in the Congo.. Gold bars are less traceable than diamonds, and gold is abundant in the Kivu conflict region. In any case, no jewellery industry standard exists for verifying gold origination, as it does for diamonds (though jeweler's total outlay on gold is 4 times that on diamonds).. Other conflict minerals being illicitly exported from the Congo include cobalt, tungsten, cassiterite, and coltan (which provides the tantalum for mobile phones, and is also said to be directly sustaining the conflict)..Estimates on the number of casualties during the invasion in Iraq 2003 vary widely.. Estimates on civilian casualties are more variable than those for military personnel. According to Iraq Body Count, a group that relies on press reports, NGO-based reports and official figures to measure civilian casualties, approximately 7,500 civilians were killed during the invasion phase.. The Project on Defense Alternatives study estimated that 3,200–4,300 civilians died during the invasion...

As an international coalition assembled in anticipation of an invasion of Iraqi-occupied Kuwait, the Iraqi regime decided to destroy as much of Kuwait's oil reserves and infrastructure as possible before withdrawing from that country. As early as December, 1990, Iraqi forces placed explosive charges on Kuwaiti oil wells. The wells were systematically sabotaged beginning on January 16, 1991, when the allies commenced air strikes against Iraqi targets. On February 8, satellite images detected the first smoke from burning oil wells. The number of oil fires peaked between February 22 and 24, when the allied ground offensive began..According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's report to Congress, "the retreating Iraqi army set fire to or damaged over 700 oil wells, storage tanks, refineries, and facilities in Kuwait." Estimates placed the number of oil well fires from 605 to 732. A further 34 wells had been destroyed by heavy coalition bombing in January..The Kuwait Petroleum Company's estimate as of September, 1991 indicated that there had been 610 fires, out of a total of 749 facilities damaged or on fire. These fires constituted approximately 50% of the total number of oil well fires in the history of the petroleum industry, and damaged or destroyed approximately 85% of the wells in every major Kuwaiti oil field..Concerted efforts to bring the fires and other damage under control began in April, 1991. During the uncontrolled burning phase from February to April, various sources estimated that the burning wellheads burnt through between 4 and 6 million barrels of crude oil, and between seventy and one hundred million cubic meters of natural gas per day.. Se7en months later, 441 facilities had been brought under control, while 308 remained uncontrolled.. The last well was capped on November 6, 1991. The total amount of oil burned is generally EStimated at about one billion barrels...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...7&postcount=11I know it was you, Fredo.. You broke my heart. You broke my heart!.I saw a strange thing today. Somme rebels were being arrested.. One of them pulled the pin on a grenade. He took himself and the captain of the command with him.. Now, soldiers are paid to fight; the rebels aren't..You'll have to speak up. I can't ear you.. http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=14929&page=32

lightgiver 28-06-2014 07:14 PM


The story is presented as a flashback of Max Eriksson, a Vietnam veteran.. In November 1966, a squad of American soldiers is on patrol when they are suddenly attacked by the Viet Cong. The ground cracks under Eriksson while he walks above a Viet Cong tunnel, and he is stuck in the hole while enemy mortar shells land near him.. Unknown to him, a Viet Cong soldier in the tunnel below him prepares to silently kill him with a knife.. Sergeant Tony Meserve hears Eriksson, pulls him out of the hole, and shoots the Viet Cong soldier dead. Eventually, the Americans stave off the attack...

The unit is then re-deployed to a nearby village, which is believed to be an ally to the Viet Cong. Because of their reassignment, the unit has their leave time cut short.. Frustrated because his squad has been denied leave for an extended period, Meserve orders the squad to kidnap a Vietnamese girl, Than Thi Oanh, to be their sex slave. Eriksson strenuously objects, but Meserve silences him and ostracizes him from the rest of the squad. The girl is forcibly taken to the squad's next command outpost and is repeatedly beaten and raped by all the men but Eriksson...

The squad is later ordered to take up a position near a railroad bridge overlooking a Viet Cong river supply depot.. Meserve and Corporal Thomas E. Clark realize Oanh's coughing might give them away. Meserve has Diaz order air support for an assault on the depot, then orders Eriksson to kill Oanh. Eriksson staunchly refuses despite Meserve's death threats. Clark looks out in the sky and sees a unit of Huey helicopters passing a mountain and then turning towards their position.. Fearing the helicopters will somehow see their rape victim, Meserve first orders PFC Herbert Hatcher to kill Oanh, but Hatcher begs Meserve not to, so then Meserve orders Diaz. Before Diaz can kill her,
Eriksson fires his rifle into the air, exposing them to the nearby Viet Cong..

Released 26 January 1990 (UK) -1 - Glasgow begins its year as European Capital of Culture, the first designated in the British Isles\4 – Two trains collide in Sangi, Pakistan, killing between 200 and 300 people and injuring an estimated 700 others/ 7 – The Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public because of safety concerns\10- "Les Miserables," opens at Mechanic Theatre, Baltimore- China lifts martial law (imposed after Tiananmen Square massacre)/13– Some 50,000 people demonstrate on the streets of London to support of Britain's ambulance workers, as the ongoing ambulance crew strike continues four months after it began\14- 11th ACE Cable Awards: CNN wins the Golden CableACE for the coverage of the events in Beijing, China/15-Martin Luther King Day Crash – Telephone service in Atlanta, St. Louis, and Detroit, including 9-1-1 service, goes down for 9 hours, due to an AT&T software bug- 42 year old George Foreman KOs Gerry Cooney in 2 rounds in Atlantic City\18 – The first MORI poll of the decade shows that Labour have a 12-point lead over the Conservatives with 48% of the vote/19 – Police in Johannesburg, South Africa, break up a demonstration against the cricket match played by rebel English cricketers led by Mike Gatting\20 -Cold War: Soviet troops occupy Baku, Azerbaijan, under the state of emergency decree issued by Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev and kill over 130 and wound over 700 protesters for national independence-Clashes break out between Indian troops and Muslim separatists in Kashmir/25 – Burns' Day storm: hurricane-force winds are reported to have killed 39 people in England and Wales -Avianca Flight 52 crashes into Cove Neck, Long Island, New York after a miscommunication between the flight crew and JFK Airport officials, killing 73 people on board -Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto gives birth to a girl, becoming the first modern head of government to bear a child while in office-Pope John Paul II begins an 8-day tour of Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Chad\26 - Annular eclipse visible over Antarctica & South Atlantic/27 - 64th Australian Womens Tennis Open: Steffi Graf beats MJ Fernandez (6-3, 6-4)\29 - The trial of Joseph Hazelwood, former skipper of the Exxon Valdez, begins in Anchorage, Alaska. He is accused of negligence that resulted in America's second worst oil spill to date.– Lord Justice Taylor publishes his report in the Hillsborough disaster, which claimed the lives of 95 Liverpool F.C. supporters on 15 April last year. He recommends that all top division stadiums are all-seater by 1994 and that the rest of the Football League follows suit by 1999, but rules out the government's proposed ID card scheme to combat football hooliganism as "unworkable"/31 -Globalization – The first McDonald's in Moscow, Russia opens 8 months after construction began on 3 May 1989. 8 months later the first McDonalds in Mainland China is opened in Shenzhen – Liberal Muslim Rashad Khalifa is murdered in Tucson, Arizona; his killer is theorized to be a member of an early Al Qaeda sleeper cell-President of the United States George H. W. Bush gives his first State of the Union address and .proposes that the U.S. and the Soviet Union make deep cuts to their military forces in Europe..
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=152G came to me last night and told me your purpose for being here.. I am going to help you write a new book..You think I can just whip one out?.Oh, but I don't think Paul, I know.. Book's almost finished...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=185

lightgiver 28-06-2014 08:13 PM


Flight Lieutenant Adrian John Nichol (born December 1963, North Shields) is a retired Royal Air Force navigator who was shot down and captured during the first Gulf War...On his first mission age 27 during Operation Desert Storm on 17 January 1991 which started at Muharraq Airfield, an ultra-low level daylight mission on Ar Rumaylah airfield, while acting as number 2 to Squadron Leader Paul "Pablo" Mason with RAF Laarbruch-based XV Squadron, his Panavia Tornado ZD791 was critically hit by a shoulder-launched SAM SA-14, and he and John Peters were captured by the military of Iraq.. After capture he was shown, bruised, on Iraqi television.. He Was tortured in the Abu Ghraib prison. John Nichol Was released by the IraQis at the end of the Gulf War..

For the Gallet family of watchmakers, the relocation to La Chaux-de-Fonds in 1826 after 350 years in Geneva proved to be a most advantageous move. With the resources available in the “Watch Valley”, family patriarch Julien Gallet (1806–1849) was able to expand the new company’s distribution of its pocket watches to all of Europe..In 1855, Julien Gallet’s son Léon (1832–1899) purchased Grumbach & Co., complete with factory and equipment, to address the need for greater manufacturing capabilities. With this increase in work area, Gallet was able to bring together under one roof many of the Jura Region’s watchmakers to help meet Europe’s increasing demand for watches..Léon Gallet allowed his watchmakers to benefit through the registration of patents in their own names. This unique approach inspired innovation with Gallet's artisans and allowed the company to offer a very extensive range of watches.. With innovation came growth and Gallet & Cie grew to become one the largest timekeeping manufacturers in Switzerland..The Sun is a daily tabloid newspaper published in the United Kingdom and Ireland. It is published by the News Group Newspapers division of News UK, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of Rupert Murdoch's News Corp...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=145They are superpower of villains.. I always enjoyed learning a new tonglen..You always were a cunnyiliginus don..You were pretty good with that hook..Good evenin, my golden retrievers.. What kind of havoc shall the Carver Media Group create in the world today..They are superpower of Al Capone...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...postcount=1374

lightgiver 29-06-2014 07:55 PM


A submachine gun (SMG) is an air-cooled, magazine-fed, automatic carbine designed to fire pistol cartridges. The term "submachine gun" was coined by John T. Thompson, the inventor of the Thompson submachine gun..The submachine gun was developed during World War I (1914–1918). At its zenith in World War II (1939–1945), millions of SMGs were made. Today, submachine guns have been largely replaced by assault rifles, which have a greater effective range and are capable of penetrating ballistic helmets and body armor used by modern infantrymen.. However, submachine guns are still widely used by police and military special forces, who value the SMG's reduced recoil and noise signature, especially when suppressed..In the early 20th century, experimental machine pistols were made by converting pistols such as the Luger P-08 and Mauser C96 from semiautomatic to full-automatic operation and adding detachable stocks. Carbine-type automatic weapons firing pistol rounds were developed during the latter stages of World War I by Italy, Germany and the United States. Their improved firephower offered an advantage in trench warfare....

Ballistic trauma or Gunshot Wound (GSW) is a form of physical trauma sustained from the discharge of arms or munitions.. The most common forms of ballistic trauma stem from firearms used in armed conflicts, civilian sporting, recreational pursuits and criminal activity.. The degree of tissue disruption caused by a projectile is related to the size of the temporary versus permanent cavity it creates as it passes through tissue.. The extent of cavitation, in turn, is related to the following characteristics of the projectile..The immediate damaging effect of the bullet is typically severe bleeding, and with it the potential for hypovolemic shock, a condition characterized by inadequate delivery of oxygen to vital organs. In the case of traumatic hypovolemic shock, this failure of adequate oxygen delivery is due to blood loss, as blood is the means of delivering oxygen to the body's constituent parts. Immediate effects can result when a bullet strikes a critical organ such as the heart or damages a component of the central nervous system such as the spine or brain..Ballistic trauma is sometimes fatal for the recipient, or causes long term negative consequences...

Phi (uppercase Φ, lowercase φ, or math symbol ϕ, also fi), FY or sometimes FEE in English, and in modern Greek, is the 21st letter of the Greek alphabet..The Falkland Islands Spanish: Islas Malvinas [malˈβinas]) are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf..Finland (ISO country code, FI)..Forza Italia, an Italian political party..The IATA code for Icelandair (from the old name of the company: Flugfélag Íslands)..The Feminist Initiative (Sweden)..FI is one of the most psychologically and socially debilitating conditions in an otherwise healthy individual, but it is generally treatable..During The Troubles in Northern Ireland republican groups considered themselves to be law enforcers in their own communities. They used limb punishment shootings to punish petty criminals and other individuals whose behaviour they deemed to be unacceptable..The Red Brigades, an Italian terrorist organization, employed limb punishment shootings to warn their opponents. They used the method to punish at least 75 people up to December 1978..More recently limb punishment shootings have been employed by Hamas in the Gaza Strip to silence their Palestinian critics..Victim was also shot in the ankles and elbows, leaving them with 6 gunshot wounds...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...9&postcount=36When one man says to another, "I know what let's do today, let's play the War Game."... everybody Dyes..You know, H; I always wanted to ask you,why do you always carry... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...3&postcount=91

lightgiver 01-07-2014 05:47 PM

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

MRSA is a bacterium responsible for several difficult-to-treat infections in humans.. It is also called oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (ORSA). MRSA is any strain of Staphylococcus aureus that has developed, through the process of natural selection, resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, which include the penicillins (methicillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin, oxacillin, etc.) and the cephalosporins.. Strains unable to resist these antibiotics are classified as methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, or MSSA. The evolution of such resistance does not cause the organism to be more intrinsically virulent than strains of Staphylococcus aureus that have no antibiotic resistance, but resistance does make MRSA infection more difficult to treat with standard types of antibiotics and thus more dangerous..S. aureus most commonly colonizes the anterior nares (the nostrils).. The rest of the respiratory tract, open wounds, intravenous catheters, and the urinary tract are also potential sites for infection.. Healthy individuals may carry MRSA asymptomatically for periods ranging from a few weeks to many years. Patients with compromised immune systems are at a significantly greater risk of symptomatic secondary infection..In most patients, MRSA can be detected by swabbing the nostrils and isolating the bacteria found inside. Combined with extra sanitary measures for those in contact with infected patients, screening patients admitted to hospitals has been found to be effective in minimizing the spread of MRSA in hospitals in the United States, Denmark, Finland, and the Netherlands...

MRSA (1318191) may progress substantially within = 24–48 hours of initial topical symptoms..After 72 hours, MRSA can take hold in human tissues and eventually become resistant to treatment.. The initial presentation of MRSA is small red bumps that resemble pimples, spider bites, or boils; they may be accompanied by fever and, occasionally, rashes. Within a few days, the bumps become larger and more painful; they eventually open into deep, pus-filled boils.. About 75 percent of community-associated (CA-) MRSA infections are localized to skin and soft tissue and usually can be treated effectively.. Some CA-MRSA strains display enhanced virulence, spreading more rapidly and causing illness much more severe than traditional healthcare-associated (HA-) MRSA infections, and they can affect vital organs and lead to widespread infection (sepsis), toxic shock syndrome, and necrotizing ("flesh-eating") pneumonia. This is thought to be due to toxins carried by CA-MRSA strains, such as PVL and PSM, though PVL was recently found not to be a factor in a study by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) at the National Institutes of Health. (NIH) It is not known why some healthy people develop CA-MRSA skin infections that are treatable while others infected with the same strain develop severe infections or dye...

Some of the populations at risk:

. People with weak immune systems
. Diabetics
.Intravenous drug users
.Users of quinolone antibiotics
.Young children
.The elderly
.College students living in dormitories..
.Woman with frequent UTIs or kidney infections due to infections in the bladder-People staying or working in a health care facility for an extended period of time..
.People who spend time in coastal waters where MRSA is present, such as some beaches in Florida and the west coast of the United States-People who spend time in confined spaces with other people, including occupants of homeless shelters and warming centers, prison inmates, military recruits in basic training, and individuals who spend considerable time in changerooms or gyms..Veterinarians, livestock handlers, and pet owners..

Alcohol has been proven to be an effective surface sanitizer against MRSA. Quaternary ammonium can be used in conjunction with alcohol to extend the longevity of the sanitizing action..The prevention of nosocomial infections involves routine and terminal cleaning. Non-flammable Alcohol Vapor in Carbon Dioxide systems (NAV-CO2) do not corrode metals or plastics used in medical environments and do not contribute to antibacterial resistance..In healthcare environments, MRSA can survive on surfaces and fabrics, including privacy curtains or garments worn by care providers. Complete surface sanitation is necessary to eliminate MRSA in areas where patients are recovering from invasive procedures. Testing patients for MRSA upon admission, isolating MRSA-positive patients, decolonization of MRSA-positive patients, and terminal cleaning of patients' rooms and all other clinical areas they occupy is the current best practice protocol for nosocomial MRSA..Studies published from 2004-2007 reported hydrogen peroxide vapor could be used to decontaminate busy hospital rooms, despite taking significantly longer than traditional cleaning. One study noted rapid recontamination by MRSA following the hydrogen peroxide application..Also tested, in 2006, was a new type of surface cleaner, incorporating accelerated hydrogen peroxide, which was pronounced "a potential candidate" for use against the targeted microorganisms..Care should be taken when trying to drain boils, as disruption of surrounding tissue can lead to larger infections, or even infection of the blood stream (often with fatal consequences)..In the hospital setting toilet seats are a common vector for infection, and wiping seats clean before and/or after use can help to prevent the spread of MRSA. Door handles, faucets, light switches (with care!), etc. can be disinfected regularly with disinfectant wipes..Studies suggest that allicin, a compound found in garlic, may prove to be effective in the treatment of MRSA..It has been reported that maggot therapy to clean out necrotic tissue of MRSA infection has been successful. Studies in diabetic patients reported significantly shorter treatment times than those achieved with standard treatments..Cannabinoids (components of Cannabis sativa), including cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), cannabichromene (CBC), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabigerol (CBG), show activity against a variety of MRSA strains..Oakin, an Oak extract, has been shown to start killing MRSA immediately and reaches 99.2% at 6 hours, sustaining that kill rate for 48 hours (max time tested)..A June 2008 report, centered on a survey by the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, concluded that very
poor hygiene habits remain the principal barrier to significant reductions in the spread of MRSA..
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=492We take Pete's car, we drive over to Mum's, we go in, take care of Philip - "I'm so sorry, Philip" - then we grab Mum, we go over to Liz's place, hole up, have a cup of tea and wait for this whole thing to blow over..If we hole up, I wanna be somewhere familiar, I wanna know where the exits are, and I wanna be allowed to smoke... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=856

lightgiver 01-07-2014 07:01 PM

Knights Hospitaller

The Knights Hospitaller, also known as the Hospitallers, Order of Hospitallers, Knights of Saint John and Order of Saint John, were among the most famous of the Western Christian military orders during the Middle Ages..The Hospitallers probably arose as a group of individuals associated with an Amalfitan hospital in the Muristan district of Jerusalem, which was dedicated to St John the Baptist and founded around 1023 by Blessed Gerard Thom to provide care for poor, sick or injured pilgrims to the Holy Land. (Some scholars, however, consider that the Amalfitan order and Amalfitan hospital were different from Gerard's order and its hospital..) After the Latin Christian conquest of Jerusalem in 1099 during the First Crusade, the organisation became a religious and military order under its own Papal charter, and it was charged with the care and defence of the Holy Land. Following the conquest of the Holy Land by Islamic forces, the Order operated from Rhodes, over which it was sovereign, and later from Malta where it administered a vassal state under the Spanish viceroy of Sicily....

The Order was weakened in the Reformation, when rich commanderies of the Order in northern Germany and the Netherlands became Protestant (and, largely separated from the Roman Catholic main stem, remain so to this day), and the Order was disestablished in England, Denmark, and elsewhere in northern Europe. The Roman Catholic order was further damaged by Napoleon's capture of Malta in 1798 and became dispersed throughout Europe. It regained strength during the early 19th century as it redirected itself toward humanitarian and religious causes. In 1834, the order, by this time known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), acquired new headquarters in Rome where it has remained since. As of 2013, the Roman Catholic order has about 13,500 members, 80,000 volunteers, and 25,000 mostly medical employees, and operates in about 120 countries across the world, including in Muslim nations; the Protestant branches of the order are smaller but engage in similar work. Until recently the order focused mainly on developing countries, but following the introduction of austerity in the Eurozone and the United Kingdom which began in 2010, they have increasingly turned their attention to Europe, establishing shelters and soup kitchens to help the homeless and those suffering from hunger...

In 623, Pope Gregory I commissioned the Ravennate Abbot Probus, who was previously Gregory's emissary at the Lombard court, to build a hospital in Jerusalem to treat and care for Christian pilgrims to the Holy Land. In 800, Charlemagne, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, enlarged Probus' hospital and added a library to it. About 200 years later, in 1005, Caliph Al Hakim destroyed the hospital and 3'000 Other buildings in Jerusalem. In 1023, merchants from Amalfi and Salerno in Italy were given permission by the Caliph Ali az-Zahir of Egypt to rebuild the hospital in Jerusalem. The hospital, which was built on the site of the monastery of Saint John the Baptist, took in Christian pilgrims travelling to visit the Christian holy sites. It was served by Benedictine monks.The monastic hospitaller order was founded following the First Crusade by the Blessed Gerard, whose role as founder was confirmed by a Papal bull of Pope Paschal II in 1113.. Gerard acquired territory and revenues for his order throughout the Kingdom of Jerusalem and beyond. Under his successor, Raymond du Puy de Provence, the original hospice was expanded to an infirmary near the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. Initially the group cared for pilgrims in Jerusalem, but the order soon extended to providing pilgrims with an armed escort, which soon grew into a substantial force. Thus the Order of St. John imperceptibly became military without losing its eleemosynary character.. The Hospitallers and the Knights Templar became the most formidable military orders in the Holy Land. Frederick Barbarossa, the Holy Roman Emperor, pledged his protection to the Knights of St. John in a charter of privileges granted in 1185...

The statutesof Roger de Moulins (1187) deal only with the service of the sick; the first mention of military service is in the statutes of the ninth grand master, Afonso of Portugal (about 1200). In the latter a marked distinction is made between secular knights, externs to the order, who served only for a time, and the professed knights, attached to the order by a perpetual vow, and who alone enjoyed the same spiritual privileges as the other religious. The order numbered three distinct classes of membership: the military brothers, the brothers infirmarians, and the brothers chaplains, to whom was entrusted the divine service..The order came to distinguish itself in battle with the Muslims, its soldiers wearing a black surcoat with a white cross. In 1248 Pope Innocent IV (1243–54), approved a standard military dress for the Hospitallers to be worn in battle. Instead of a closed cape over their armour (which restricted their movements) they should wear a red surcoat with a white cross emblazoned on it..Many of the more substantial Christian fortifications in the Holy Land were built by the Templars and the Hospitallers. At the height of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the Hospitallers held se7en great forts and 140 other estates in the area. The two largest of these, their bases of power in the Kingdom and in the Principality of Antioch, were the Krak des Chevaliers and Margat in Syria.. The property of the Order was divided into priories, subdivided into bailiwicks, which in turn were divided into commandries..As early as the late 12th century the order had begun to achieve recognition in the Kingdom of England and Duchy of Normandy. As a result, buildings such as St John's Jerusalem and the Knights Gate, Quenington in England were built on land donated to the order by local nobility..When I'm sober..When I'm healthy and well...I hurt people.. I'm lethal..I drink to weaken the machine they made...You show me a beautiful woman, I'll show you a bloke who's sick of her shit..An Irish house was established at Kilmainham,
near Dublin, and the Irish Prior was usually a key figure in Irish public life...

The rising power of Islam eventually expelled the Knights from Jerusalem.. After the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1291 (Jerusalem itself fell in 1187), the Knights were confined to the County of Tripoli and, when Acre was captured in 1291, the order sought refuge in the Kingdom of Cyprus. Finding themselves becoming enmeshed in Cypriot politics, their Master, Guillaume de Villaret, created a plan of acquiring their own temporal domain, selecting Rhodes to be their new home, part of the Byzantine empire. His successor, Fulkes de Villaret, executed the plan, and on 15 August 1309, after over 2 years of campaigning, the island of Rhodes surrendered to the knights. They also gained control of a number of neighbouring islands and the Anatolian port of Bodrum and Kastelorizo..Pope Clement V dissolved the Hospitallers' rival order, the Knights Templar, in 1312 with a series of papal bulls, including the Ad providam bull, which turned over much of their property to the Hospitallers. The holdings were organised into eight "tongues" (one each in Crown of Aragon, Auvergne, Castile, England, France, Germany, Italy, and Provence). Each was administered by a Prior or, if there was more than one priory in the tongue, by a Grand Prior.. At Rhodes and later Malta, the resident knights of each tongue were headed by a Bailli. The English Grand Prior at the time was Philip De Thame, who acquired the estates allocated to the English tongue from 1330 to 1358. In 1334, the Knights of Rhodes defeated Andronicus and his Turkish auxiliaries.. In the 14th century, there were several other battles in which they fought..After seven years of moving from place to place in Europe the Knights became established in 1530 when Charles I of Spain, as King of Sicily, gave them Malta, Gozo and the North African port of Tripoli in perpetual fiefdom in exchange for an annual fee of a single Maltese falcon (Tribute of the Maltese Falcon), which they were to send on All Souls Day to the King's representative, the Viceroy of Sicily, (this historical fact was used as the plot hook in Dashiell Hammett's famous book The Maltese Falcon)...

On 23 August came yet another grand assault, the last serious effort, as it proved, of the besiegers.. It was thrown back with the greatest difficulty, even the wounded taking part in the defence. The plight of the Turkish forces, however, was now desperate.. With the exception of Fort St. Elmo, the fortifications were still intact.. Working night and day the garrison had repaired the breaches, and the capture of Malta seemed more and more impossible. Many of the Ottoman troops in crowded quarters had fallen ill over the terrible summer months.. Ammunition and food were beginning to run short, and the Ottoman troops were becoming increasingly dispirited by the failure of their attacks and their losses. The death on 23 June of skilled commander Dragut, a corsair and admiral of the Ottoman fleet, was a serious blow. The Turkish commanders, Piyale Pasha and Mustafa Pasha, were careless.. They had a huge fleet which they used with effect on only one occasion.. They neglected their communications with the African coast and made no attempt to watch and intercept Sicilian reinforcements..On 1 September they made their last effort, but the morale of the Ottoman troops had deteriorated seriously and the attack was feeble, to the great encouragement of the besieged, who now began to see hopes of deliverance. The perplexed and indecisive Ottomans heard of the arrival of Sicilian reinforcements in Mellieħa Bay. Unaware that the force was very small, they broke off the siege and left on 8 September. The Great Siege of Malta may have been the last action in which a force of knights won a decisive victory..Having chosen Malta, the Knights stayed for 268 years, transforming what they called "merely a rock of soft sandstone" into a flourishing island with mighty defences and a capital city (Valletta) known as Superbissima, "Most Proud", amongst the great powers of Europe..Even as it survived on Malta, the Order lost many of its European holdings following the rise of Protestantism. The property of the English branch was confiscated in 1540..The German Bailiwick of Brandenburg became Lutheran in 1577 but continued to pay its financial contribution to the Order until 1812, when the Protector of the Order in Prussia, King Frederick William III, turned it into an order of merit; in 1852, his son and successor as Protector, King Frederick William IV, restored the Johanniterorden to its continuing place as the chief Protestant branch of the Knights Hospitaller..Their Mediterranean stronghold of Malta was captured by Napoleon in 1798 during his expedition to Egypt.. Napoleon demanded from Grand Master Ferdinand von Hompesch zu Bolheim that
his ships be allowed to enter the port and to take on water and supplies...

Borders define geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as Governments, sovereign states, federated states and other subnational entities. Some borders—such as a state's internal administrative border, or inter-state borders within the Schengen Area—are open and completely unguarded.. Other borders are partially or fully controlled, and may be crossed legally only at designated border checkpoints and border zones may be controlled.. Some, mostly contentious, borders may even foster the setting up of buffer zones..Some borders require presentation of legal paperwork like passports and visas, or other identity documents to cross borders.. To stay or work within a country's borders aliens (foreign persons) will need special immigration documents or permits that authorise them to do so..A maritime border is a division enclosing an area in the ocean where a nation has exclusive rights over the mineral and biological resources, encompassing maritime features, limits and zones. Maritime borders represent the jurisdictional borders of a maritime nation and are recognized by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea..Human economic traffic across borders (apart from kidnapping), may involve mass commuting between workplaces and residential settlements.. The removal of internal barriers to commerce, as in France after the French Revolution or in Europe since the 1940s, de-emphasises border-based economic activity and fosters free trade. Euroregions are similar official structures built around commuting across boundary..The United States has notably increased measures taken in border control on the Canada–United States border and the United States–Mexico border during its War on Terrorism (See Shantz 2010). One American writer has said that the 3,600 km (2,200 mi) US-Mexico border is probably "the world's longest boundary between a First World and Third World country"..Historic borders such as the Great Wall of China, the Maginot Line, and Hadrian's Wall have played a great many roles and been marked in different ways..Guadiana International Bridge at the Spain - Portugal border, created by the Treaty of Zamora in 1143.. It is one of the oldest borders in the world...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=149768&page=7The world is in chaos.. The economic crisis continues as an oil crises looms.. War rages everywhere.. It is a time of revolution, assassination and covert operations..I put no stock in religion.. By the word religion I have seen the lunacy of fanatics of every denomination be called the will of G.. I have seen too much religion in the eyes of too many murderers.. Holiness is in right action, and courage on behalf of those who cannot defend themselves, and Goodness.. What G desires is here... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...postcount=1366

lightgiver 02-07-2014 03:55 PM

Venerable Order of Saint John

The Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem( l'ordre très vénérable de l'Hôpital de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem), also referred to as the Order of St John, is a royal order of chivalry, established in 1831, incorporated in 1888, and found today throughout the Commonwealth of Nations, Hong Kong, Ireland, and the United States of America, with the world-wide mission "to prevent and relieve sickness and injury, and to act to enhance the health and well-being of people anywhere in the world"..The Order's approximately 25,000 conferees, supported by 4,000 employees and 300,000 volunteers, are mostly of the Protestant faith, though those of other Christian denominations or other religions are accepted into the order, but usually honorary membership is awarded to deserving and distinguished adherents of other religions. Except via appointment to certain government or ecclesiastical offices in some realms, membership of the order is by invitation only and individuals may not petition for admission. It is perhaps best known through its service organizations, St John Ambulance and St John Eye Hospital Group, the memberships and work of which are not constricted by denomination or religion.. It is also a member of The Alliance of the Orders of St. John of Jerusalem...


The Sovereign Head makes all appointments to the order as she, in her absolute discretion, shall think fit, though the constitution does impose certain limitations: the maximum number of members is set at 35,000, and appointees to the level of Esquire may not be under the age of 16, nor appointees to all other grades under the age of 18.. Recommendations are made by the Grand Council, and those selected have generally acted in such a manner as to strengthen the spirit of mankind—as reflected in the Order's first motto, PRO FIDE—and to encourage and promote humanitarian and charitable work aiding those in sickness, suffering, and/or danger—as reflected in the order's other motto, PRO UTILITATE HOMINUM..

To be inducted, new members must recite the organization's declaration:

"I do solemnly declare that I will be faithful and obedient to The Order of St. John and its Sovereign Head as far as it is consistent with my duty to my [sovereign/president] and to my country; that I will do everything in my power to uphold its dignity and support its charitable works; and that I will endeavour always to uphold the aims of this Christian order and to conduct myself as a person of honour"..Notwithstanding the order's devotion to Christian ideals of charity and its official position that the order has a "Christian character", its Grand Council has since 1999 affirmed that "profession of the Christian Faith should not be a condition of membership of the Order." The issue of the order's Christian character and the issue of "inclusive membership" was dealt with in the Grand Council's Pro Fide Report in 2005, wherein it was said that the order's life is shaped by Christian faith and values, but that "[r]ather than the emphasis being primarily upon 'spiritual beliefs or doctrine' it is on works of mercy rendered through St. John". Therefore, while the Great Officers are required to profess the Christian faith, the same is "not an essential condition of membership" and "[t]he onus is on the man or woman who is invited to the privilege of membership to decide whether he or she can with a good conscience promise to be faithful to the stated aims and purposes of this Christian lay order of chivalry." On the subject of inclusive membership, the report stated "Christian hospitality is a criterion which can be applied to the Order's relationships to persons of other religious faiths," and "the Order needs to be characterized by a hospitable disposition towards other faith traditions while holding fast to its own
origins and foundational identity in Christian faith"...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=633 I will take you places you've never been.. I will show you things that you have never seen and I will see the life run out of you..It was as if she had never been here.. As if it had never happened..If only we'd been 30 instead of 20..Imagine her waiting for you all these years..The Rose certain Prince will always be remembered... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...postcount=1753

lightgiver 02-07-2014 07:11 PM

OTher Half


Enriched uranium was first manufactured in the early 1940s when the United States and Britain began their nuclear weapons programs.. Later in the decade, France and the Soviet Union began their nuclear weapons and nuclear power programs.. It was at this time that depleted uranium was first stored as an unusable waste product (uranium hexafluoride).. There was some hope that the enrichment process would be improved and fissionable isotopes of U-235 could, at some future date, be extracted from the depleted uranium. This re-enrichment recovery of the residual uranium-235 contained in the depleted uranium is no longer a matter of the future: it has been practiced for several years.. Also, it is possible to design civilian power-generating reactors using unenriched fuel, but only about 10% of those ever built (such as the CANDU reactor) utilize that technology. Both nuclear weapons production and naval reactors require fuel containing concentrated U-235..In the 1970s, the Pentagon reported that the Soviet military had developed armor plating for Warsaw Pact tanks that NATO ammunition could not penetrate. The Pentagon began searching for material to make denser armor-piercing projectiles.. After testing various metals, ordnance researchers settled on depleted uranium..The US and NATO militaries used DU penetrator rounds in the 1991 Gulf War, the Bosnia war, bombing of Serbia, and the 2003 invasion of Iraq..While clearing a decades-old Hawaii firing range in 2005, workers found depleted uranium fins from training rounds from the formerly classified Davy Crockett recoilless gun tactical battlefield nuclear delivery system from the 1960s and 1970s.. These training rounds had been forgotten because they were used in a highly classified program and had been fired before DU had become an item of interest,more than 20 years before the Gulf War...

Natural uranium metal contains about 0.71% U-235, 99.28% U-238, and about 0.0054% U-234.. In order to produce enriched uranium, the process of isotope separation removes a substantial portion of the U-235 for use in nuclear power, weapons, or other uses. The remainder, depleted uranium, contains only 0.2% to 0.4% U-235. Because natural uranium begins with such a low percentage of U-235, enrichment produces large quantities of depleted uranium. For example, producing 1 kg of 5% enriched uranium requires 11.8 kg of natural uranium, and leaves about 10.8 kg of depleted uranium with only 0.3% U-235 remaining..Some depleted uranium produced is stored as uranium hexafluoride, a crystalline solid, (D)UF6, in steel cylinders in open air storage yards close to enrichment plants. Each cylinder holds up to 12.7 tonnes (or 14 short tons) of UF6. In the U.S. 560,000 tonnes of depleted UF6 had accumulated by 1993. In 2008, 686,500 tonnes in 57,122 storage cylinders were located near Portsmouth, Ohio and Paducah, Kentucky..There have been several accidents involving uranium hexafluoride in the United States, including one in which 32 workers were exposed to a cloud of UF6 and its reaction products. 1 person died, and while a few workers with higher exposure experienced short-term kidney damage (e.g., protein in the urine), none of them showed lasting damage from the exposure to uranium..Depleted uranium is used as a tamper in fission bombs..Another use of depleted uranium is in kinetic energy penetrators,anti-armor rounds such as the 120 mm sabot rounds fired from the British Challenger 1, Challenger 2, M1A1 and M1A2 Abrams..Depleted uranium has a very high density and is primarily used as shielding material for other radioactive material, and as ballast. Examples include sailboat keels, as counterweights and as shielding in industrial radiography cameras..Consumer product uses have included incorporation into dental porcelain, used for false teeth to simulate the fluorescence of natural teeth, and uranium-bearing reagents used in chemistry laboratories (e.g. uranyl acetate, used in analytical chemistry and as a stain in electron microscopy)..Normal functioning of the kidney, brain, liver, heart, and numerous other systems can be affected by uranium exposure because, in addition to being weakly radioactive, uranium is a toxic metal, although less toxic than other heavy metals such as arsenic and mercury.. It is weakly radioactive but is 'persistently' so because of its long half-life...

When a DU penetrator reaches the interior of an armored vehicle it catches fire, often igniting ammunition and fuel, killing the crew and possibly causing the vehicle to explode. DU is used by the U.S. Army in 120 mm or 105 mm cannons employed on the M1 Abrams tank. The Russian military has used DU ammunition in tank main gun ammunition since the late 1970s, mostly for the 115 mm guns in the T-62 tank and the 125 mm guns in the T-64, T-72, T-80, and T-90 tanks...Depleted uranium is very dense; at 19,050 kg/m³, it is 1.67 times as dense as lead, only slightly less dense than Tungsten and Gold, and 84% as dense as osmium or iridium, which are the densest known substances under standard (i.e., Earth-surface) pressures.. Consequently a DU projectile of given mass has a smaller diameter than an equivalent lead projectile, with less aerodynamic drag and deeper penetration due to a higher pressure at point of impact..It is thought that between 17 and 20 countries have weapons incorporating depleted uranium in their arsenals..Some states and the International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons, a coalition of more than 155 non-governmental organizations, have asked for a ban on the production and military use of depleted uranium weapons.. DU projectile ordnance is often inherently incendiary because of its pyrophoric property..A pyrophoric substance (from Greek πυροφόρος, pyrophoros, "fire-bearing")
ignites spontaneously in air at or below 55°C (130°F)...

Horseshoe kidney, also known as ren arcuatus (in Latin), renal fusion or super kidney, is a congenital disorder affecting about 1 in 500 people..Edwards syndrome (also known as Trisomy 18(T18)) is a chromosomal disorder caused by the presence of all, or part of, an extra 18th chromosome..Trisomy 18 (47,XX,+18) is caused by a meiotic nondisjunction event.. With nondisjunction, a gamete (i.e., a sperm or egg cell) is produced with an extra copy of chromosome 18; the gamete thus has 24 chromosomes.. When combined with a normal gamete from the other parent, the embryo has 47 chromosomes, with 3 copies of chromosome 18..Abram is a masculine given name of Hebrew origin, meaning exalted father.. In the Bible it was the original name of the person later known as Abraham, the patriarch..Abram was called by G to leave his father Terah's house and native land of Mesopotamia in return for a new land, family, and inheritance in Canaan, the promised land. Threats to the covenant arose – difficulties in producing an heir, the threat of bondage in Egypt, of lack of fear of G – but all were overcome and the covenant was established.. After the death and burial of his wife, Sarah, in the grave that he purchased in Hebron, Abraham arranged for the marriage of Isaac to a woman from his own people....Abraham later married a woman called Keturah and had 6 more sons, before he died at the recorded age of 175 and was buried by his sons, Isaac and Ishmael..Terah, the 10th in descent from Noah, begat 3 sons, Abram (later called Abraham), Nahor and Haran. Haran begat Lot (who was thus Abram's nephew), and dyed in his native city, Ur of the Chaldees...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=48933&page=23On the10th of June, a month short of his 33rd year, Alexander's great heart finally gave out..Within hours we were fighting like Jackals for his corpse.. The wars of the world had begun..40 years, off and on, they endured, until we divided his empire in 4 parts..I think Alexander would have been disappointed in us...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=172

lightgiver 04-07-2014 01:48 PM


A burn is a type of injury to flesh or skin caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.. Burns that affect only the superficial skin are known as superficial or first-degree burns. When damage penetrates into some of the underlying layers, it is a partial-thickness or second-degree burn. In a full-thickness or third-degree burn, the injury extends to all layers of the skin. A fourth-degree burn additionally involves injury to deeper tissues, such as muscle or bone..While large burns can be fatal, modern treatments developed since 1960 have significantly improved the outcomes, especially in children and young adults.. Globally, about 11 million people seek medical treatment, and 300,000 die from burns each year.. In the United States, approximately 4% of those admitted to a burn center die from their injuries.. The long-term outcome is primarily related to the size of burn and the age of the person affected..Burns are caused by a variety of external sources classified as thermal (heat-related), chemical, electrical, and radiation.. In the United States, the most common causes of burns are: fire or flame (44%), scalds (33%), hot objects (9%), electricity (4%), and chemicals (3%).. Most (69%) burn injuries occur at home or at work (9%), and most are accidental, with 2% due to assault by another, and 1-2% resulting from a suicide attempt.. These sources can cause inhalation injury to the airway and/or lungs, occurring in about 6%..Burn injuries occur more commonly in the poor.. Smoking is a risk factor, although alcohol use is not.. Fire-related burns are generally more common in colder climates.. Specific risk factors in the developing world include cooking with open fires or on the floor as well as developmental disabilities in children and chronic diseases in adults..n the United States, fire and hot liquids are the most common causes of burns.. Of house fires that result in death, smoking causes 25% and heating devices cause 22%.. Almost half of injuries are due to efforts to fight a fire.. Scalding is caused by hot liquids or gases and most commonly occurs from exposure to hot drinks, high temperature tap water in baths or showers, hot cooking oil, or steam.. Scald injuries are most common in children under the age of five[10] and, in the United States and Australia, this population makes up about two-thirds of all burns.. Contact with hot objects is the cause of about 20-30% of burns in children.. Generally, scalds are first- or second-degree burns, but third-degree burns may also result, especially with prolonged contact.. Fireworks are a common cause of burns during holiday seasons in many countries.. This is a particular risk for adolescent males..Most chemical burn deaths are secondary to ingestion.. Common agents include: sulfuric acid as found in toilet cleaners, sodium hypochlorite as found in bleach, and halogenated hydrocarbons as found in paint remover, among others..A well-known sign/countersign used by the Allied forces on D-Day during World War II: the challenge/sign was "flash", the password "thunder", and the countersign (to challenge the person giving the first code word) "Welcome"..The signs are often worked into a sentence in some way, nominally to obfuscate which words are key in case there are spies nearby. An example would be the sign "blue" and the countersign "moon"...


Electrical burns or injuries are classified as high voltage (greater than or equal to 1000 volts), low voltage (less than 1000 volts), or as flash burns secondary to an electric arc.. The most common causes of electrical burns in children are electrical cords (60%) followed by electrical outlets (14%).. Lightning may also result in electrical burns.. Risk factors for being struck include involvement in outdoor activities such as mountain climbing, golf and field sports, and working outside.. Mortality from a lightning strike is about 10%..While electrical injuries primarily result in burns, they may also cause fractures or dislocations secondary to blunt force trauma or muscle contractions.. In high voltage injuries, most damage may occur internally and thus the extent of the injury cannot be judged by examination of the skin alone.. Contact with either low voltage or high voltage may produce cardiac arrhythmias or cardiac arrest..Radiation burns may be caused by protracted exposure to ultraviolet light (such as from the sun, tanning booths or arc welding) or from ionizing radiation (such as from radiation therapy, X-rays or radioactive fallout).. Sun exposure is the most common cause of radiation burns and the most common cause of superficial burns overall..Microwave burns occur via thermal heating caused by the microwaves.. While exposures as short as two seconds may cause injury, overall this is an uncommon occurrence..In those hospitalized from scalds or fire burns, 3–10% are from assault.. Reasons include: child abuse, personal disputes, spousal abuse, elder abuse, and business disputes.. An immersion injury or immersion scald may indicate child abuse...At temperatures greater than 44 °C (111 °F), proteins begin losing their 3-dimensional shape and start breaking down.. This results in cell and tissue damage.. Many of the direct health effects of a burn are secondary to disruption in the normal functioning of the skin.. In those who have a headache or are dizzy and have a fire-related burn, carbon monoxide poisoning should be considered.. Cyanide poisoning should also be considered..Historically, about half of all burns were deemed to be preventable.. Burn prevention programs have significantly decreased rates of serious burns..Honey has been used since ancient times to aid wound healing and may be beneficial in first- and second-degree burns.. The evidence for aloe vera is of poor quality.. While it might be beneficial in reducing pain, and a review from 2007 found tentative evidence of improved healing times a subsequent review from 2012 did not find improved healing over silver sulfadiazine..In Afghanistan, people with more than 60% TBSA burns rarely survive..As of 2004, 11 million burns required medical care worldwide and resulted in 300,000 deaths.. This makes it the 4th leading cause of injuries after motor vehicle collisions, falls, and violence..Overall, nearly 60% of fatal burns occur in Southeast Asia with a rate of 11.6 per 100,000.. The number of fatal burns has increased from 280,000 in 1990 to 338,000 in 2010..Cave paintings from more than 3,500 years ago document burns and their management.. The earliest Egyptian records on treating burns describes dressings prepared with milk from mothers of baby boys, and the 1500 BCE Edwin Smith Papyrus describes treatments using honey and the salve of resin.. Many other treatments have been used over the ages, including the use of tea leaves by the Chinese documented to 600 BCE, pig fat and vinegar by
Hippocrates documented to 400 BCE, and wine and myrrh by Celsus documented to 100 CE...


The Hippocratic Oath is an oath historically taken by physicians and other healthcare professionals swearing to practice medicine honestly.. It is widely believed to have been written by Hippocrates, often regarded as the father of western medicine, or by one of his students.. The oath is written in Ionic Greek (late 5th century BC), and is usually included in the Hippocratic Corpus. Classical scholar Ludwig Edelstein proposed that the oath was written by Pythagoreans, a theory that has been questioned because of the lack of evidence for a school of Pythagorean medicine.. Of historic and traditional value, the oath is considered a rite of passage for practitioners of medicine in many countries, although nowadays the modernized version of the text varies among them..The Hippocratic Oath (horkos) is one of the most widely known of Greek medical texts. It requires a new physician to swear upon a number of healing gods that he will uphold a number of professional ethical standards..

I swear by Apollo, the healer, Asclepius, Hygieia, and Panacea, and I take to witness all the gods, all the goddesses, to keep according to my ability and my judgment, the following Oath and agreement:

To consider dear to me, as my parents, him who taught me this art; to live in common with him and, if necessary, to share my goods with him; To look upon his children as my own brothers, to teach them this art; and that by my teaching, I will impart a knowledge of this art to my own sons, and to my teacher's sons, and to disciples bound by an indenture and oath according to the medical laws, and no others..

I will prescribe regimens for the good of my patients according to my ability and my judgment and never do harm to anyone..

I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel; and similarly I will not give a woman a pessary to cause an abortion..

But I will preserve the purity of my life and my arts..

I will not cut for stone, even for patients in whom the disease is manifest; I will leave this operation to be performed by practitioners, specialists in this art..

In every house where I come I will enter only for the good of my patients, keeping myself far from all intentional ill-doing and all seduction and especially from the pleasures of love with women or men, be they free or slaves..

All that may come to my knowledge in the exercise of my profession or in daily commerce with men, which ought not to be spread abroad, I will keep secret and will never reveal..

If I keep this oath faithfully, may I enjoy my life and practice my art, respected by all humanity and in all times; but if I swerve from it or violate it, may the reverse be my life...

http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=134It's a living thing, Brian.. It breathes, it eats, and it hates.. The only way to beat it is to think like it.. To know that this flame will spread this way across the door and up across the ceiling, not because of the physics of flammable liquids, but because it wants to. Some guys on this job, the fire owns them, makes 'em fight it on it's level, but the only way to truly kill it is to love it a little..I sent away for the copy of Life magazine..The one with your picture on the front.. It's a collectible... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=657

lightgiver 04-07-2014 02:16 PM

Roll Of Honour

Fus P.P. Atkinson RRF
Cpl C.A.E. Bolam RCT
Fus A. Bunney RRF
Maj. A. J. Burch REME
Fus C.P. Cole RRF
Flt Lt. R. M. Collier RAF
Flt Lt. K. Collister RAF
Cpl R. G. Consiglio PARA
LCpl S. R. Crofts RCT

Cpl D. E. Denbury RE
Flt Lt. N. T. Dent RAF
Pte N. W. D. Donald QOHldrs
Sgt. M. J. Dowling REME
Flt Lt. K. J. Duffy RAF
Wg Cdr T. N. C. Elsdon RAF
LCpl F. C. Evans REME
Pte M. Ferguson QOHlds
Pte A. J. Fogerty RAOC
MM1 M. J. Foy RFA
Fus R. A. Gillespie RRF
Cpl R. H. Going RAMC
Pte T. Haggerty RS
MM1 P. J. Harris RFA
Flt Lt. S. M. Hicks RAF
LCpl T.T. W. Hill RCT
Gnr P. P. Keegan RA
Maj. J. S. Kinghan RE
Sgt. D. B. Kinnear RAPC
Cpl S. J. Lane RE
Pte J. W. Lang Qohldrs
Fus K. Leech RRF
Sqn Ldr G. K. S. Lennox RAF
Csgt D. A. MacKinnon A &SH
Dvr J. P. McFadden RCT
Gdsm C. A. Napier COLDM GDS
SSgt V. D. Phillips RAOC
LCpl R. Robins RCT
Spr R. A. Royle RE
Fus S. T. Satchell RRF
Pte S. P. Taylor STAFFORDS
SSgt D. C. Tite RMP
Fus L. J. Thompson RRF
Sqn Ldr K. P. Weeks RAF
LCpl L. Wellington RCT
Lt. E. A. Whitehead 16/5L
Lt. Col. A. J. Wright RE

In Honour of those British Sailors, Soldiers and Airmen Who gave their lives for the Liberation of Kuwait August 1990 - July 1991...


So Called Friendy Fire Casualties..A USAF A-10 'Warthog' tank buster attacked 2 Warrior IFVs of the 4th Armoured Brigade killing 9 of the British troops inside wounding 11... The men killed were:

Fusilier Lee Thompson, 19, 3rd Battalion Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.
Private Neil Donald, 1st Battalion Queen's Own Highlanders.
Private John Lang, 19, Queen's Own Highlanders
Fusilier Stephen Satchell, 18, 3rd Battalion Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.
Conrad Cole, 17.
Martin Ferguson, 21.
Fusilier Richard Gillespie.
Fusilier Kevin Leech, 20.
Fusilier Paul Atkinson,19...

British POWs..7 RAF Tornados were lost during the air war, each with a 2-man crew. The crews taken prisoner were: Flight Lieutenant John Peters while being paraded on Iraqi TV, soon after the Tornado GR MK1 he was piloting, was shot down, during a low level day-light attack on an Iraqi airfield. His navigator, Flight Lieutenant John Nichol, was also made a POW after their aircraft crashed. Both survived torture and beatings from their Iraqi interrogators and guards and were eventually released with other Allied POWs at the end of hostilities..Bravo Two Zero (SAS) Patrol prisoners: Mark (POW), Andy McNab (POW), Stan (POW) and Dinger (POW).. Other prisoners known were: Joseph Small and Troy Dunlap...

Over 1,000 Kuwaiti civilians were killed in the conflict.. More than 600 Kuwaitis went missing during Iraq's occupation, and approximately 375 remains were found in mass graves in Iraq. The increased importance of air attacks from both Coalition warplanes and cruise missiles led to controversy over the number of civilian deaths caused during Desert Storm's initial stages. Within Desert Storm's first 24 hours, more than 1,000 sorties were flown, many against targets in Baghdad.. The city was the target of heavy bombing, as it was the seat of power for Saddam and the Iraqi forces' command and control.. This ultimately led to civilian casualties..Saddam's government gave high civilian casualty figures in order to draw support from Islamic countries. The Iraqi government claimed that 2,300 civilians died during the air campaign.. According to the Project on Defense Alternatives study, 3,664 Iraqi civilians were killed in the conflict..The Amiriyah shelter bombing was an aerial attack that killed more than 408 civilians on 13 February 1991 during the Persian Gulf War, when an air-raid shelter ("Public Shelter No. 25"), also referred to as the Al Firdos C3 bunker by the U.S. military, in the Amiriyah neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq, was destroyed by the U.S. Air Force with 2 laser-guided "smart bombs"...According to the U.S. military, they targeted Amiriyah because it fit the profile of a military command center; it picked up electronic signals coming from the site, and spy satellites could see a lot of people and vehicles moving in and out of the bunker.. The shelter was used in the Iran–Iraq War and the Persian Gulf War by hundreds of civilians... An investigation by Beth Osborne Daponte estimated total civilian fatalities at about 3,500 from bombing,and some 100,000 from the war's other effects...

http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=148Radio Operator: Bravo Two Zero, B20 come in.. Bravo Two Zero, B20 come in.. Let's just say cooking smack is like preparing Thanksgiving dinner where one of the ingredients is a hand grenade..Radio Operator: Bravo Two Zero commence tactical maneuver area two nine alpha romeo, take position on three nine foxtrot delta 47...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=606

lightgiver 05-07-2014 03:04 PM

Hearts & Bones

Combat medics (also known as medics) are military personnel who have been trained to at least an EMT-Basic level (16 week course in the U.S. Army), and who are responsible for providing first aid and frontline trauma care on the battlefield. They are also responsible for providing continuing medical care in the absence of a readily available physician, including care for disease and battle injury. Combat medics are normally co-located with the combat troops they serve in order to easily move with the troops and monitor ongoing health..In 1864,16 European states adopted the first-ever Geneva Convention to save lives to alleviate the suffering of wounded and sick military personnel, and to protect trained medical personnel as civilians, in the act of rendering aid..Chapter IV, Article 25 of the Geneva Convention states that: "Members of the armed forces specially trained for employment, should the need arise, as hospital orderlies, nurses or auxiliary stretcher-bearers, in the search for or the collection, transport or treatment of the wounded and sick shall likewise be respected and protected if they are carrying out these duties at the time when they come into contact with the enemy or fall into his hands." Article 29 reads: "Members of the personnel designated in Article 25 who have fallen into the hands of the enemy, shall be prisoners of war, but shall be employed on their medical duties insofar as the need arises"..It was during the American Civil War that Surgeon (Major) Jonathan Letterman, Medical Director of the Army of the Potomac, realized a need for an integrated medical treatment and evacuation system. He saw the need to equip this system with its own dedicated vehicles, organizations, facilities, and personnel. The Letterman plan was first implemented in September 1862 at the Battle of Antietam, Maryland...

According to the Geneva Convention, knowingly firing at a medic wearing clear insignia is a war crime..In modern times, most combat medics carry a personal weapon, to be used to protect themselves and the wounded or sick in their care.. When and if they use their arms offensively, they then sacrifice their protection under the Geneva Conventions.. These medics are specifically trained..Surgeon Dominique Jean Larrey directed the Grande Armée of Napoleon to develop mobile field hospitals, or "ambulances volantes" (flying ambulances), in addition to a corps of trained and equipped soldiers to aid those on the battlefield. Before Larrey's initiative in the 1790s, wounded soldiers were either left amid the fighting until the combat ended or their comrades would carry them to the rear line..During the 1876-1878 war between Russia and Turkey, the Ottoman empire declared that it would use a red crescent instead of a red cross as its emblem, although it agreed to respect the red cross used by the other side. Although these symbols were officially sponsored by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the Magen David Adom ("MDA"), Israel's emergency relief service, used the Magen David (a red star of David on a white background).. Israeli medics still wear the Magen David. To enable MDA to become a fully recognized and participating member of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Protocol III was adopted. It is an amendment to the Geneva Conventions relating to the Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem and authorizes the use of a new emblem, known as the third protocol emblem or the Red Crystal. For indicative use on foreign territory, any national society can incorporate its unique symbol into the Red Crystal. Under Protocol III, the MDA will continue to employ the red Magen David for domestic use, and will employ the red crystal on international relief missions..Battlefield medicine, also called field surgery and later combat casualty care, is the treatment of wounded combatants and non-combatants in or near an area of combat. Civilian medicine has been greatly advanced by procedures that were first developed to treat the wounds inflicted during combat. With the advent of advanced procedures and medical technology, even polytrauma can be survivable in modern wars..During the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403, Prince Henry had an arrow removed from his face using a specially designed surgical instrument..The practice of triage pioneered by Dominique Jean Larrey during the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815)..Wound VACS, modified burn management protocols, liberal use of Factor 7 and other contributions from pioneers like Maj James Pollock, Major Mark Rasnake and Col Ty Putnum define the spirit of the Combat Medics of every deployment cycle...

http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...6&postcount=37My family is with me today. They wanted to come with me. To be honest with you, I wasn't sure how I'd feel coming back here. Every day I think about what you said to me that day on the bridge. I tried to live my life the best that I could. I hope that was enough. I hope that, at least in your eyes, I've earned what all of you have done for me... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=458

lightgiver 09-07-2014 10:55 AM

Veterinary Corps

The Royal Army Veterinary Corps (RAVC) is an administrative and operational branch of the British Army responsible for the provision, training and care of animals.. It is a small but technically competent corps forming part of the Army Medical Services.. Unusually, although it is responsible for providing what might be termed materiel, it is under the control of the Adjutant-General, who is in charge of personnel..The original Army Veterinary Service (Veterinary Corps) within the Army Medical Department was founded in 1796 after public outrage concerning the death of Army horses. John Shipp was the first veterinary surgeon to be commissioned into the British Army when he joined the 11th Light Dragoons on 25 June 1796..The Honorary Colonel-in-Chief is the Princess Royal who has visited RAVC dog-handling units serving in Afghanistan..The main location for the RAVC is the Defence Animal Centre based at Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire, although staff are spread throughout the Army..They are also Responsible for explosives and drug search dogs. Its only subsidiary regiment is the 1st Military Working Dog Regiment..Sadie, a black labrador retriever belonging to 102 MWDSU and cared for by handler Lance Corporal Karen Yardley, won the PDSA Dickin Medal ("the animal's VC") in 2007..On 24 July 2008, Lance Corporal Kenneth Michael Rowe of the RAVC and attached to 2nd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment was killed along with his search dog Sasha, during a contact with the Taliban in Helmand Province, Afghanistan..In February 2010, Treo, a black Labrador, was awarded the Dickin Medal for services in Afghanistan..In 2011 Lance Corporal Liam Tasker of 104 MWDSQN was killed in Helmand Province, Afghanistan. His Arms Explosive search dog, Theo, died shortly after..Theo was posthumously awarded the Dickin Medal on 25 October 2012..Seven memorial stones in remembrance of the 5 dog handlers who lost their lives while serving in Northern Ireland and the 2 dog handlers who were killed While on operations in Afghanistan have been placed at their base in North Luffenham...

Animals have always been regarded in Buddhist thought as sentient beings.. Furthermore, animals possess Buddha nature (according to the Mahāyāna school) and therefore potential for enlightenment. Moreover, the doctrine of rebirth held that any human could be reborn an animal, and any animal could be reborn as a human. An animal might be a reborn dead relative, and anybody who looked far enough back through their series of lives might come to believe every animal to be a distant relative. The Buddha expounded that sentient beings currently living in the animal realm have been our mothers, brothers, sisters, fathers, children, friends in past rebirths.. One could not, therefore, make a hard distinction between moral rules applicable to animals and those applicable to humans; ultimately humans and animals were part of a single family. They are all interconnected..In cosmological terms, the animals were believed to inhabit a distinct "world", separated from humans not by space but by state of mind. This world was called Tiryagyoni in Sanskrit, Tiracchānayoni in Pāli. Rebirth as an animal was considered to be one of the unhappy rebirths, usually involving more than human suffering.. Buddhist commentarial texts depict many sufferings associated with the animal world: even where no human beings are present, they are attacked and eaten by other animals or live in fear of it, they endure extreme changes of environment throughout the year, and they have no security of habitation. Those that live among humans are often slaughtered for their bodies, or taken and forced to work with many beatings until they are slaughtered at the end of their lives.. On top of this, they suffer from ignorance, not knowing or understanding with any clarity what is happening to them and unable to do much about it, acting primarily on instinct...The Jātaka stories which tell of past lives of the Buddha in folktale fashion, frequently involve animals as peripheral or main characters, and it is not uncommon for the Bodhisattva (the past-life Buddha) to appear as an animal as well. The stories sometimes involve animals alone, and sometimes involve conflicts between humans and animals; in the latter cases, the animals often exhibit characteristics of kindness and generosity that are absent in the humans..Also recorded in the Jatakas is how, in a past life as King Shibi, Shakyamuni sacrificed himself to save a dove from a hawk.. Recorded in the Golden Light Sutra, is how Shakyamuni in a past life, as Prince Sattva, came across a starving tigress and her cubs, he fed himself to them so that they would survive..The Buddha taught that all sentient beings, including those in the animal realm, possess Buddha nature and therefore can attain enlightenment and that from infinite rebirths, all animals have been our past relatives, sisters, mothers, brothers, fathers and children. Therefore, it is against the first precept to harm, kill or eat sentient beings as it is the same as harming, killing or eating the flesh of our own child or Mother...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=277017&page=3 An old friend of mine.. He's a Red Indian gentleman.. I do not understand the human race..Has so little love for creatures with a different face..Treating animals like people is no madness or disgrace..I do not understand the human race..they do not even love each other..This fellow obviously knows what he's talking about...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=157122&page=5

lightgiver 09-07-2014 11:10 PM


Help for Heroes (H4H) is a British charity launched on 1 October 2007 to help provide better facilities for British servicemen and women who have been wounded or injured in the line of duty.. It was founded by Bryn Parry OBE and his wife Emma Parry OBE after they visited soldiers at Selly Oak Hospital in Birmingham. The charity was launched after a meeting with General Sir Richard Dannatt, the Chief of the General Staff, the professional head of the British Army..H4H has attracted high-profile trustees and patrons and has the support of the Army Benevolent Fund and the Ministry of Defence.. It has also attracted support from national newspapers in the United Kingdom, such as The Sun and The Sunday Times who made it one of the beneficiaries of their Christmas appeal in 2007, raising a total of £674,000 for H4H..In May 2013 Help for Heroes hit the headlines when British soldier Lee Rigby was murdered by Islamists in Woolwich, London. Rigby had been wearing a Help for Heroes t-shirt when he was killed, and the charity received over £600,000 in donations in the week following the attack..On 15 October 2010, it was revealed that the finalists of the se7enth series of The X Factor finalists would be recording a version of David Bowie's 1977 song "Heroes". The song was released in aid of H4H and the Royal British Legion.. All 16 finalists of Series 7 performed the song on 20 November 2010's results show.. In the first week of its release, it went straight to number 1 and sold 313,244 copies, more than the rest of the top 10 at the time combined...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=571If the Germans had an ounce of sense, they'd send us G's to use against the British!..It seems the Jerries are giving the newspapers a flash in the pan... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showthread.php?t=277273

lightgiver 10-07-2014 05:14 PM

Mouldy Hospes

A mold (US) or mould is a fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae.. In contrast, fungi that can adopt a single celled growth habit are called yeasts..Alexander Fleming's accidental discovery of the antibiotic penicillin involved a Penicillium mold called Penicillium notatum (although the species identity is disputed as possibly being Penicillium chrysogenum or Penicillium rubens).. Fleming continued to investigate Penicillin, showing that it could inhibit various types of bacteria found in infections and other ailments, but was unable produce the compound in large enough amounts necessary for production of a medicine.. His work was expanded by a team at Oxford University; Clutterbuck, Lovell, and Raistrick, who began to work on the problem in 1931.. This team was also unable to produce the pure compound in any large amount, and found that the purification process diminished its effectiveness and negated the anti-bacterial properties it had..Howard Florey, Ernst Chain, Norman Heatley, Edward Abraham, also all at Oxford, continued the work.. They enhanced and developed the concentration technique by using organic solutions rather than water, and created the "Oxford Unit" to measure penicillin concentration within a solution. They managed to purify the solution, increasing it's concentration by 45-50 times, but found that a higher concentration was possible. Experiments were conducted and the results published in 1941, though the quantities of Penicillin produced were not always high enough for the treatments required.. As this was during the Second World War, Florey sought USA Government involvement. With research teams in the UK and some in the US, industrial-scale production of crystallised penicillin was developed during 1941-1944 by the USDA and by Pfizer..The immunosuppressant drug cyclosporine, used to suppress the rejection of transplanted organs, is derived from the mold Tolypocladium inflatum is an asexual ascomycete fungus originally isolated from a Norwegian soil sample that, in certain conditions, produces ciclosporin..It is sometimes prescribed in veterinary cases, particularly in extreme cases of immune-mediated hemolytic anemia..Symptoms of hemolytic anemia are similar to other forms of anemia (fatigue and shortness of breath), but in addition, the breakdown of red cells leads to jaundice and increases the risk of particular long-term complications, such as GallStones and pulmonary hypertension...


Ciclosporin is listed
as IARC Group 1 carcinogens..In medicine, the most important effect of ciclosporin is to lower the activity of T cells and their immune response..Molds are a large and taxonomically diverse number of fungal species where the growth of hyphae results in discoloration and a fuzzy appearance, especially on food.. The network of these tubular branching hyphae, called a mycelium, is considered a single organism. The hyphae are generally transparent, so the mycelium appears like very fine, fluffy white threads over the surface. Cross-walls (septa) may delimit connected compartments along the hyphae, each containing one or multiple, genetically identical nuclei. The dusty texture of many molds is caused by profuse production of asexual spores (conidia) formed by differentiation at the ends of hyphae.. The mode of formation and shape of these spores is traditionally used to classify molds.. Many of these spores are colored, making the fungus much more obvious to the human eye at this stage in its life-cycle..Molds are considered to be microbes and do not form a specific taxonomic or phylogenetic grouping, but can be found in the divisions Zygomycota and Ascomycota.. In the past, most molds were classified within the Deuteromycota..Molds cause biodegradation of natural materials, which can be unwanted when it becomes food spoilage or damage to property.. They also play important roles in biotechnology and food science in the production of various foods, beverages, antibiotics, pharmaceuticals and enzymes. Some diseases of animals and humans can be caused by certain molds: disease may result from allergic sensitivity to mold spores, from growth of pathogenic molds within the body, or from the effects of ingested or inhaled toxic compounds (mycotoxins) produced by molds...

Mold growth in buildings can lead to a variety of health problems..Various practices can be followed to mitigate mold issues in buildings, the most important of which is to reduce moisture levels that can facilitate mold growth.. Removal of affected materials after the source of moisture has been reduced and/or eliminated may be necessary for remediation..Mold in the home can usually be found in damp, dark or steamy areas e.g. bathroom or kitchen, cluttered storage areas, recently flooded areas, basement areas, plumbing spaces, areas with poor ventilation and outdoors in humid environments..The Kōji (麹?) molds are a group of Aspergillus species, notably Aspergillus oryzae, and secondarily A. sojae, that have been cultured in eastern Asia for many centuries.. They are used to ferment a soybean and wheat mixture to make soybean paste and soy sauce.. Koji molds break down the starch in rice, barley, sweet potatoes, etc., a process called saccharification, in the production of sake, shōchū and other distilled spirits. Koji molds are also used in the preparation of Katsuobushi..Red rice yeast is a product of the mold Monascus purpureus grown on rice, and is common in Asian diets.. The yeast contains several compounds collectively known as monacolins, which are known to inhibit cholesterol synthesis.. A study has shown that red rice yeast used as a dietary supplement, combined with fish oil and healthy lifestyle changes, may help reduce "bad" cholesterol as effectively as certain commercial statin drugs..Some sausages, such as salami, incorporate starter cultures of molds to improve flavour and reduce bacterial spoilage during curing. Penicillium nalgiovense, for example, may appear as a powdery white coating on
some Varieties of dry-cured sausage...

A mycotoxin (from Greek μύκης (mykes, mukos) "fungus" and τοξικόν (toxikon) "poison") is a toxic secondary metabolite produced by organisms of the fungi kingdom, commonly known as molds.. The term 'mycotoxin' is usually reserved for the toxic chemical products produced by fungi that readily colonize crops.. One mold species may produce many different mycotoxins, and the same mycotoxin may be produced by several species..Most fungi are aerobic (use oxygen) and are found almost everywhere in extremely small quantities due to the minute size of their spores. They consume organic matter wherever humidity and temperature are sufficient. Where conditions are right, fungi proliferate into colonies and mycotoxin levels become high. The reason for the production of mycotoxins is not yet known; they are not necessary for the growth or the development of the fungi.. Because mycotoxins weaken the receiving host, the fungus may use them as a strategy to better the environment for further fungal proliferation. The production of toxins depends on the surrounding intrinsic and extrinsic environments and the toxins vary greatly in their severity, depending on the organism infected and its susceptibility, metabolism, and defense mechanisms.. Some of the health effects found in animals and humans include death, identifiable diseases or health problems, weakened immune systems without specificity to a toxin, and as allergens or irritants. Some mycotoxins are harmful to other micro-organisms such as other fungi or even bacteria; penicillin is one example.. It has been suggested that mycotoxins in stored animal feed are the cause of apparent sex change in hens..Mycotoxins can appear in the food chain as a result of fungal infection of crops, either by being eaten directly by humans or by being used as livestock feed. Mycotoxins greatly resist decomposition or being broken down in digestion, so they remain in the food chain in meat and dairy products. Even temperature treatments, such as cooking and freezing, do not destroy some mycotoxins..Although various wild mushrooms contain an assortment of poisons that are definitely fungal metabolites causing noteworthy health problems for humans, they are rather arbitrarily excluded from discussions of mycotoxicology...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...9&postcount=14Hey how am I driving, man?.I think we're parked..Man, what is in this shit, man?..Mostly Maui Waui man, but it's got some Labrador in it..What's Labrador?..It's dog shit..What?. Yeah, my dog ate my stash, man..Yeah?.. I had it on the table and the little motherfocker ate it, man.. Then I had to follow him around with a little baggie for 3 days, man, before I got it back.. Really blew the dawg's mind, ya know?..You mean we're smokin' dog shit, man?..Uhhh, I wonder what Great Dane tastes like, man...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=673

lightgiver 17-07-2014 01:37 AM

Deliver Them From Evil

The Alta View Hospital hostage incident began the night of September 20, 1991 when Richard Worthington, armed with a shotgun, a handgun and sticks of dynamite arrived at Alta View Hospital in Sandy, UT in an attempt to kill Dr. Glade Curtis who had performed a tubal ligation on his wife...

After planting the dynamite outside, Worthington entered the Hospital's Women's Center and took 2 nurses (Woolley & Wyler), a patient, Christan Downey, who was giving birth to her first child, her sister Carre, the baby's father Adam, and 2 newborn babies hostage (Caitlin, the daughter of Christan and Adam, was born during the siege). Dr. Curtis saw what was happening and hid in his office, where he called the police. When the police arrived nurse Karla Roth attempted to wrestle Worthington's shotgun from his hands. She was successful, but did not know he had 2 guns.. As she ran away, Worthington shot her in the back with the other gun. Roth died several hours later from the wound..Worthington held the hostages for 18 hours.. He was talked into surrendering and releasing the remaining hostages by Sergeant Don Bell and Detective Jill Candland of the Salt Lake City police department who were assisted by a hostage inside, a nurse named Susan Woolley. After an arrangement was made for his surrender, it started to fall apart due to miscommunication. Marjorie Wyler reached out and placed her hand on his hand holding the gun and told him this had to end. Worthington was worn out and gave up without a fight as she then took the gun from him, allowing everyone to walk out without any further injuries. Worthington was sentenced to 35 years in prison for the murder of Karla Roth, he apparently committed suicide in his prison cell on November 11, 1993..Tubal ligation or tubectomy (also known as having one's "tubes tied" (ligation)) is a surgical procedure for sterilization in which a woman's fallopian tubes are clamped and blocked, or severed and sealed, either method of which prevents eggs from reaching the uterus for fertilization.. Tubal ligation is considered a permanent method of sterilization and birth control..The Egyptian Ebers Papyrus from 1550 BCE and the Kahun Papyrus from 1850 BCE have within them some of the earliest documented descriptions of birth control: the use of honey, acacia leaves and lint to be placed in the vagina to block sperm.. It is believed that in Ancient Greece silphium was used as birth control which,
due to its Effectiveness and thus desirability, was harvested into Extinction...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=162These are slum kids.. Everybody talks like that..THEY DO NOT! At the feedstore do I say, "Oh, now Wally, give me a bag of that F-in' pig feed, and a pound of that bitchly cow corn"? At the bank do I say, now give me some of your Christ-ing money!" THERE, LOOK THERE, NOW SEE WHAT YOU MADE ME DO!.. http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=171

lightgiver 17-07-2014 01:54 AM


Beverly Gail Allitt (born 4 October 1968) is an English serial killer who was convicted of murdering 4 children, attempting to murder 3 other children, and causing grievous bodily harm to a further six children.. The crimes were committed over a period of 59 days between February and April 1991 in the children's ward at Grantham and Kesteven Hospital, Lincolnshire, where Allitt was employed as a State Enrolled Nurse.. She administered large doses of insulin to at least 2 victims and a large air bubble was found in the body of another, but police were unable to establish how all the Attacks were carried out.. In May 1993, at Nottingham Crown Court, she received 13 life sentences for the crimes.. Mr. Justice Latham, sentencing, told Allitt that she was "a serious danger" to others and was unlikely ever to be considered safe enough to be released.. She is detained at Rampton Secure Hospital in Nottinghamshire..Allitt was born in 1968 and grew up in the village of Corby Glen, near the town of Grantham. She had two sisters and a brother, her father Richard worked in an off-licence and her mother as a school cleaner. Allitt attended Charles Read Secondary Modern School having failed the test to enter Grantham Girls High School. She would often volunteer for baby-sitting jobs and left school at the age of 16, Taking a course in nursing at Grantham College...
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...3&postcount=13The 13th Spirit is called Beleth... He is a mighty King and terrible.. He rideth on a pale horse with trumpets and other kinds of musical instruments playing before him. He is very furious at his first appearance, that is, while the Exorcist layeth his courage; for to do this he must hold a Hazel Wand in his hand, striking it out towards the South and East Quarters, make a triangle, △, without the Circle, and then command him into it by the Bonds and Charges of Spirits as hereafter followeth...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=161

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