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about the Egyptian god Horus


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The Egyptian civil calendar, adopted around the middle of the third millennium BC, consisted of 365 days. The first 360 days of the year were divided into 12 months of 30 days each. The remaining five days made up a single month that occurred between the end of the 12th month and the beginning of the 1st month of the following year. Each of the five intermediate days was celebrated as the birthday of one of the five Egyptian deities: Osiris, Horus, Set, Isis, and Nephthys. This effectively places Horus's birthday on the 32nd day of the 12th month of the Egyptian calendar (if you want to look at it that way).
When the Egyptian civil calendar was first introduced, the first day of the new year fell on the first day of the annual rise of Sirius (the "Dog Star") above the horizon. We don't know exactly what year the calendar was first adopted, but Sirius closely matches the Sun's position relative to the Earth, so the first day of the year in the first year of the civil calendar would almost certainly have occurred on July 16 of the Julian calendar (used by the ancient Romans) or somewhere between July 20 and 30 according to our modern Gregorian calendar.
However, the Egyptian calendar did not have leap years, so it "shifted back" by one day every four years. In the first year of its implementation, Horus's birthday was to be celebrated on July 12 according to the Julian calendar. Four years later, it was celebrated on July 11th. Four years later, it was celebrated on July 10, etc. Every 1461 Egyptian year (or 1460 Julian years), the Egyptian New Year again coincided with the annual rise of Sirius in mid-July. This period is known as the Sotic cycle.
So the conclusion here is that there was not a single day in the Egyptian calendar that matched our December 25th in the first place, and if we use the Sothic cycle as a basis, Horus's birthday was celebrated in mid-July, with the exact day depending on the exact year in question. So why do people claim that Horus was born on December 25th? This comes from a book by Gerald Massey, a 19th-century amateur historian, who originally made the claim without adequate reference. His work has been completely debunked by modern science from top to bottom, but that doesn't stop people on the internet from citing him as an authority on the subject. Unlike other respected Victorian Egyptologists whose work is now considered archaic or obsolete (such as A. E. Wallis Budge), Messi was not originally an Egyptologist. the claim that Horus was born on December 25 is simply wrong from the start. The birth of Horus was celebrated on the so-called "Epagomenal Days", a four-day festival period in the ancient Egyptian calendar, which falls between August 24 and 28. Not in December. https://otvetus.com/rodilsya-li-egipetskiy-bog-horus-25-dekabrya-a-kak-naschet-drugih-bogov-po-sravneniyu-s-iisusom-v-zeitgeist-zeitgeist-osnovan-na- lzhi-ili-faktah-chto-vi-dumaete-i-chto-vi-znaete-ob-etom-207890

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11 hours ago, ivanka said:

the claim that Horus was born on December 25 is simply wrong from the start. The birth of Horus was celebrated on the so-called "Epagomenal Days", a four-day festival period in the ancient Egyptian calendar, which falls between August 24 and 28.


Thanks for the post, interesting read.


I found this on Wiki -


The 4th-century Roman author  Macrobius mentions another annual Egyptian festival dedicated to Horus in his Chronicon. Macrobius specifies this festival as occurring on the winter solstice.


The 4th-century Christian bishop  Epiphanius of Salamis also mentions a winter solstice festival of Horus in his  Panarion.[42] However, this festival is not attested in any native Egyptian sources.


Link - https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horus


Also this - 


Ancient Egypt (3100BC-30BC):

Like many ancient cultures, the Egyptians celebrated the Winter Solstice for 12 days starting on December 21st. 


They actually had a special celebration on the 25th December for the re-birth of the sun. The Egyptian sun god was called Ra. For the three days prior to the 25th, the sun (Ra) would barely be visible during the daytime because it was at its lowest point in the sky. On the 25th of December, the sun would finally rise, leading to the Egyptians celebrating the re-birth of the sun god Ra (or as it would later be known; the birth of the Sun of God – sound familiar?).


Link - https://www.imagininghistory.co.uk/post/ancient-origins-of-the-christmas-tree



More scholarly source - 


What you don't know about sun alignment phenomenon in Egypt

BY Mustafa Marie


Here is a list of locations where the solar phenomenon takes place annually nationwide:


Karnak Temple: When this phenomenon occurs at Karnak Temple, it is called the "winter solstice" and takes place in conjunction with the birth anniversary of the most important ancient Egyptian deity "Ra", the Sun God.


Link - https://www.egypttoday.com/Article/4/93531/What-you-don-t-know-about-sun-alignment-phenomenon-in



So it seems there is little doubt the Egyptians celebrated the Winter Solstice, as the rebirth of the Sun, how that is ascribed seems in doubt, possibly the rebirth of Osiris or more probably the rebirth of Ra. Whichever god we ascribe it to depends on the religion. 


Interested to see how this thread develops, it's a good one.

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